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Obstet Gynecol Sci > Volume 53(2); 2010 > Article
Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2010;53(2):143-151.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5468/kjog.2010.53.2.143    Published online February 1, 2010.
Studies on development of serum-free conditioned media using Vero cells and DMEM with controlled concentration of glucose and pyruvate.
Ju Hwan Kim, Young Seok Seo, Hai Bum Song, Jung Bo Yang, Kyung En Lee, Ki Hwan Lee
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea. oldfox@cnuh.co.kr
2Institute of Reproductive Medicine, Miz Woman's Hospital, Daejeon, Korea.
3Department of Animal Science, Daegu University College of Life and Environment, Daegu, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
The purpose of this study was to examine in vitro development of early preimplantation mouse embryos in various kind of serum-free conditioned media (SF-VCM) manufactured from DMEM cultured with Vero Cells. METHODS: A total of 846 two-cell mouse embryos were cultured in different kind of SF-VCM. SF-VCMs were divided into SF-VCM-10, -30 and -50 by media volume using DMEM #1 media, and divided into SF-VCM #1, #2 and #3 by controlled concentration of glucose and pyruvate (manufactured by DMEM #1: mixed three volume of DMEM-G (DMEM with glutamine without glucose and pyruvate) and one volume of DMEM-GGP (DMEM with glutamine, glucose, pyruvate), #2: mixed same volume of DMEM-G and DMEM-GGP and #3: mixed one volume of DMEM-G and three volume of DMEM-GGP, respectively). Experimental groups were mainly added 10% SSS, and 20% hFF was added to only Control group co-cultured with Vero cells. Development of embryos was observed every 24 hours. Results between different groups were analyzed using Chi-square test, and considered statistically significant when P-value was less than 0.05. RESULTS: In vitro developmental rate by each cleavage stages of mouse embryos cultured in SF-VCMs with a various volumes were significantly (P<0.05) higher in SF-VCM-30 (morula< or =: 97.2%, Blastocyst (BL)< or =: 97.2%, Hatching BL< or =: 82.2%) than other groups. In the rate of development on in vitro co-culture vs. a various SF-VCMs manufactured by DMEM controlled concentration of glucose and pyruvate, Group I (SF-VCM #1) was higher than other groups in each cleavage stages (morula< or =: 98.1%, Blastocyst (BL)< or =: 97.1%, hatching BL< or =: 81.7%, respectively). Moreover, specially, in the developmental rate into the hatching blastocyst < or = after 96 hours in vitro culture, Group I (81.7%) was significantly higher than control group (67.6%, P<0.05). CONCLUSION: SF-VCM #1 manufactured by volume of 30 mL DMEM #1 media cultured in vitro for 48 hours in 250 mL flask was the most effective on in vitro developmental rate of mouse preimplantation embryos. Therefore, it is expected that SF-VCM #1 has application to human IVF-ET.
Key Words: Serum-free conditioned media, Vero cells, DMEM, In vitro co-culture, In vitro fertilization
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