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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2007;50(3):465-475.
Published online March 1, 2007.
An analysis of HPV subtype in the uterine cervix and clinical usefulness of HPV DNA chip test.
Soon Ho Choi, Kyung Don Baik, Su Il Lee
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. Mary's Medical Center, Busan, Korea. kdbaik@hanmail.net
2Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been identified more than 100 HPV subtypes. The distributions of subtypes are different according to nations and regions. We analysed subtype of infection with HPV among women who live in Pusan and surburbs of Pusan. We accessed the clinical usefulness of HPV DNA chip test as a supplementary method of Pap smear in the evaluation of cervical lesion. METHOD: This study was undertaken from January 2002 to January 2005 and the samples were collected from the patients who had abnormal Pap smear. We analysed subtypes of 143 positive cases with HPV DNA chip (Biomedlab) test and estimated pathologic reports of 115 patients except 28 patients who had not biopsy. We investigated pathologic results of 54 of 115 patients who had atypical squamous cells / low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (ASC/LSIL) in Pap smear and examined high risk HPV in 54 pathologic results. RESULTS: The prevalence of HPV subtypes was 42 cases of HPV-16, 20 cases of HPV- 58, 16 cases of HPV-52, 10 cases of HPV-35, 9 cases of HPV-56, 7 cases of HPV-51, 6 cases of HPV-18 in descending order of incidence in high risk HPV group and 3 cases of HPV-6, 3 cases of HPV-42, 2 cases of HPV-34, 2 cases of HPV-43 in descending order of incidence in low risk HPV group. The results of HPV DNA chip test and 115 pathologic reports were estimated by comparative study. A pure infection with low risk HPV group was detected in low grade lesion. Infection with high risk HPV group was also detected in low grade lesion but was mainly detected in high grade lesion. The pathologic results of 54 patients who had ASC / LSIL in Pap smear were 13 patients had above high grade lesion include 2 cases of invasive carcinoma so false negative rate of Pap smear in the detection of high grade lesion was 24%. CONCLUSION: HPV subtypes were detected HPV 16, 58, 52, 35, 56, 51, 18 types in descending order of incidence and prevalence. Mass study and integrated data from larger population and various regions in many hospitals will be needed. And the supplementary use of HPV DNA chip test may provide clinical usefulness because it can reduce the false negative rate of Pap smear and improve the positive predictive value in the detection of high grade cervical lesion and it enables to decrease the incidence of cervical cancer.
Key Words: Cervical cancer, Human papillomavirus subtype, HPV DNA chip, ASC/LSIL


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