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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2006;49(12):2573-2582.
Published online December 1, 2006.
Expression of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor and Thrombospondin-1 mRNA Related to Microvessel Density in Invasive Cervical Carcinomas.
Ji Eun Lee, Seon Kyung Lee, Sung Gil Chi
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Korea. leeobgy@yahoo.co.kr
2College of Life science and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) is a potent stimulator of angiogenesis in solid tumors. Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) has inhibitory role in cancer cell proliferation and metastasis. To analyze the correlation with expression of VEGF and TSP-1 including microvessel density (MVD), the levels of VEGF/TSP-1 mRNA expression and microvessel count (MVC) were estimated in patients with invasive cervical carcinomas. METHODS: From 1996 to 1999, 37 carcinomas and 7 normal cervical tissues were collected, frozen and stored at -70 degrees C until used. The levels of VEGF and TSP-1 mRNAs were determined by quantitative RT-PCR. MVD was assessed by immunostaining for factor VIII-related antigen. The results are expressed as the largest number of microvessels present within a single x 40 field, and counted at x 100 field. RESULTS: Quantitative RT-PCR analysis demonstrated abnormally increased VEGF mRNA expression levels (>0.66) in 14 (37.8%) of 37 cervical carcinomas comparing to control groups (mean: 0.32+/-0.09) and abnormally low TSP-1 mRNA expression levels (<0.72) in 13 (35.1%) of 37 cervical carcinomas comparing to control groups (mean: 0.51+/-0.07). MVC was higher in tumors showing decreased expression of TSP-1 (but not statistically) (p<0.18) and overexpression of VEGF (p<0.05). When VEGF overexpression was accompanied with reduced TSP-1 expression, the microvessel density showed significantly increased pattern (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates that reduced expression of TSP-1 mRNAs and overexpression of VEGF mRNAs may be an important contributing factor in cervical carcinomas. Moreover, the inversed correlation of VEGF and TSP-1 mRNA expression can be an evidence of angiogenic role in cervical carcinomas.
Key Words: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), Thrombospondin-1, Angiogenesis, Cervical cancer

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