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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2004;47(6):1191-1198.
Published online June 1, 2004.
Clinical Consideration on the Method of Hysterectomy.
Pyeong Sik Kim, Sang Hoon Kim, Hun Yul Lee, E Hwa Yoo, Cheol Hong Park, Seo Yoo Hong, Jung Hwan Shin, Jin Yong Lee
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Eulji Medical Center, Eulji University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
The most common operation in gynecology is hysterectomy. To compare the indications, patient characteristics and clinical outcome, complication between total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) and vaginal total hysterectomy (TVH), laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH). METHODS: This study was designed to analyze 147 patients of TAH (Group I) from January 2003 to September 2003, 48 patients of TVH (Group II), 108 patients of LAVH (Group III) at Eulji medical center of obstetrics and gynecology from January 2002 to September 2003. We analyzed the result with patient characteristics, parity, medical disease, history of previous operation, indication of hysterectomy, uterine weight, concurrent surgical procedure, operation time, bleeding amount, complication and length of hospital stay. Uterine prolapse was excluded in the analysis of this study. RESULTS: Patient characteristics, parity, medical disease were no differences. Number of previous operation were 63 cases (42.9%) in TAH group, 10 cases (20.8%) in TVH group, 43 cases (39.8%) in LAVH group, and the most common of operation was tubal ligation in three gropups. Most common indication of hysterectomy was uterine leiomyoma. The mean uterine weight was 374.31 +/- 250.26 gm in TAH group, 187.70 +/- 109.62 gm in TVH group and 203.26 +/- 94.92 gm in LAVH group. The mean operation time was 89.61 +/- 25.24 min in TAH group, 73.39 +/- 21.80 min in TVH group and 96.18 +/- 27.98 min in LAVH group. Postoperative complication was observed 60 cases (40.8%) in TAH group, 8 cases (16.7%) in TVH group, 19 cases (17.6%) in LAVH group. Most common complication was bleeding and required transfusion (TAH 32 cases (21.8%), TVH 3 cases (6.3%), LAVH 10 cases (9.3%)). CONCLUSION: LAVH and TVH present superior result in terms of complication when compared with TAH. LAVH and TVH have advantage of lower morbidity, less pain, shorter hospital stay and convalescence. LAVH should be considered when the vaginal approach is unfeasible, showing clear advantages over abdominal hysterectomy.
Key Words: Total abdominal hysterectomy, Total vaginal hysterectomy, Laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy


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