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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2003;46(12):2366-2372.
Published online December 1, 2003.
Study on Umbilical Cord Plasma Leptin in Preeclamptic and Normal Pregnant Women.
Myoung Hwan Kim, Yong Kyoon Cho, Ji Kyung Ko, Woong Sun Kang, Kee Hyun Park, Chul Min Lee, Hoon Choi, Bok Rin Kim, Hong Kyoon Lee
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, Inje University, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
Leptin, the protein encoded by the Ob gene in the adipose cell, is produced by the placenta during pregnancy and materanal serum leptin is increased in preeclampsia. The objective of this study was to compare umbilical cord plasma leptin level between infants of mothers who experienced preeclampsia and infants of control subjects and to understand the physiology of leptin. METHODS: Leptin concentrations were measured in cord blood at birth using a specific radioimmunoassay employing human recombinant leptin (Human leptin RIA kit; Linco Research, Inc. U.S.A.). We compared cord plasma leptin between preeclamptic (n=17 women) and normal pregnancies (n=21 women). RESULTS: Gestational age is the only one significant variable among the demographic variables (P=0.011). There was no statistically significant difference in cord plasma leptin level between infants of mothers who experienced preeclampsia and infants of control subjects, but preeclampsia group had slightly lower leptin levels than control subjects (Control subjects: 4.8 [3.7-7.9] ng/ml, Preeclamptic women: 2.7 [2.3-6.8] ng/ml, P=0.142). There was also no difference in the leptin value adjusted for different gestational age, or ratio between cord plasma leptin level and gestational age (Control subjects: 0.017 [0.013-0.018], Preeclamptic women: 0.010 [0.008-0.025], P=0.131). CONCLUSION: We found no difference between umbilical cord plasma leptin in infants of mothers who had preeclampsia and umbilical cord plasma leptin in infants of control subjects, but insignificantly lower levels of umbilical cord plasma leptin in infants of mothers who had preeclampsia. It suggest that maternal serum concentration do not correlate with cord leptin concentration and dysregulation of leptin metabolism and/or function in the placenta may be implicated in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia.
Key Words: Leptin, Preeclampsia, Cord blood


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