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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2002;45(11):1978-1981.
Published online November 1, 2002.
Transabdominal sonography of the cavum septum pellucidum in normal fetuses in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy.
Kyoung Won Park, Hyun Ju Kim, Suk Hee Choi, Yu Jin Kim, Nok Gyun Kim, Byung Mok Yun, Young Cheol Baek
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Daedong hospital, Busan, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To assess the visualization rate and size of the cavum septum pellucidum (CSP) by transabdominal sonography in normal fetuses in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. METHODS: The CSP was prospectively researched and measured using an axial transventricular plane in 308 consecutive uncomplicated singleton pregnancies between 15 and 41 weeks of gestation. RESULTS: The CSP was seen in 42.5% of cases at 15 weeks, 84.78% at 16-17 weeks, 100% at 18-37 weeks and 81.25% at 38-41 weeks. Compared to biparietal diameter (BPD), the visualization rate was 35.29% between 31 and 32 mm, 47.8% between 33 and 34 mm, 84% between 35 and 43 mm, 100% between 44 and 88 mm and 87.5% between 89 and 101 mm. Mean CSP width was 5.5+/-1.7 mm (range 2-9 mm). The CSP width was increased with gestational age and BPD, but with a slight decrease around term. CONCLUSION: In normal fetuses the CSP should always be visualized between 18 and 37 weeks, or with a BPD of 44-88 mm. Failure to observe the CSP in this interval, or possibly the presence of a large CSP, may indicate abnormal cerebral development and warrant further investigation. Conversely, absence of the CSP prior to 18 weeks, or later than 37 weeks, is a normal finding.
Key Words: Cavum septum pellucidum (CSP), Visualization rate and size, Transabdominal ultrasound


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