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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2001;44(3):478-485.
Published online March 1, 2001.
Clinical Comparison of Maternal Characteristics and Pregnancy Outcomes between Gestational Diabetes and General Obstetric Population.
Choon Hwa Kang, Mi Ran Kim, Mi Young Choi, Eun Joo Kang, Hyun Jin Kim, Sung Suk Seo
Depratment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Il Sin Christian Hospital, Pusan, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To compare maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes in a group of women with gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM) diagnosed in our hospital with those of women without this disorder. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This is a retrospective study of 402 gestational diabetic women with singleton cephalic presenting pregnancies delivered at Ilsin Christian Hospital during the period January 1, 1997, through December 31, 1999. National Diabetes Data Group thresholds were used to diagnose gestational diabetes. Women in this group were compared with a nondiabetic control group(n=430) randomly selected and effects of confounding variables were analyzed using stratified analysis. RESULTS: Prevalence of GDM was 2.36%. Women with gestational diabetes were significantly older, heavier, of greater parity and more often had the following risk factors for GDM. Hypertension, cesarean delivery, macrosomia, and large for gestational age(LGA) rate were significantly increased. The adequate treatment group diagnosed before 32wks and received glucose control was compared with a inadequate treatment group. And there was no significant difference in maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes between the two groups. Within the adequate treatment group, three groups were subdivided by birth weight as SGA(small for gestational age), AGA(appropriate for gestational age) and LGA. The group with LGA had no difference in age, parity, pregnancy-induced hypertension, 2hr mean postprandial glucose level except body mass index and insulin treatment rate. After adjusting these two factors with stratified analysis, there was no general association between birth weight and glucose level(p=0.342). CONCLUSIONS: Maternal characteristics of gestational diabetes were significantly different compared with those of nondiabetic women. Pregnancy outcomes of gestational diabetic women were not improved by our conventional management and more intensified but acceptable and compliable treatment should be tried.
Key Words: gestational diabetes mellitus, pregnancy outcome, maternal characteristics, macrosomia, blood glucose level


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