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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 1999;42(9):1926-1934.
Published online January 1, 2001.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection Using Frozen-Thawed and Fresh Testicular Sperm in Patients with Azoospermia.
Chung Hoon Kim, Hee Dong Chae, Eun Hee Kang, Yong Pil Cheon, Seok Ho Hong, Byung Moon Kang, Tai Young Ahn
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To investigate whether frozen-thawed testicular sperm obtained from men with azoospermia could serve as an efficacious sperm source for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) by comparing to the results of ICSI using fresh testicular sperm. METHODS: From January 1997 to March 1999, 41 patients with azoospermia who underwent ICSIs using fresh and/or frozen-thawed testicular sperm were included in the study. In 23 patients of 41, fresh testicular sperm was left after ICSI and therefore remaining testicular sperm was frozen and frozen testicular sperm was used in next ICSI cycles. The results of ICSI were compared in frozen-thawed testicular sperm (frozen-thawed group, 30 cycles) versus fresh testicular sperm (fresh group, 39 cycles). RESULTS: The number of fertilized oocytes, grade I/II embryos, fertilization rate, clinical pregnancy rate were comparable in the frozen-thawed and fresh groups. There were also no differences in the miscarriage rate and multiple pregnancy rate between the two groups. In patient group with obstructive azoospermia, there were no significant differences in the number of fertilized oocytes, grade I/II embryos, fertilization rate, clinical pregnancy rate between the two groups. In patient group with non-obstructive azoospermia, all parameters of results of ICSI were comparable in both groups. In each non-obstructive azoospermic patient group with mixed motile/immotile sperm and patient group with only immotile sperm, there were also no significant differences in the number of fertilized oocytes, grade I/II embryos, fertilization rate, clinical pregnancy rate between the frozen-thawed and fresh groups. CONCLUSION: Our data demonstrate that using frozen-thawed and fresh testicular sperm gives rise to comparable results after ICSI irrespective of the status of sperm in patients with obstructive or non-obstructive azoospermia.
Key Words: Azoospermia, Frozen-thawed testicular sperm, Fresh testicular sperm


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