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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 1999;42(1):158-162.
Published online January 1, 2001.
A Case of laparoscopic cystectomy for large adenomyotic cyst within myometrium with bilateral endometriomas.
Ho Jun Kim, Sung Tack Oh
Adenomyotic cysts are not uncommon disease, but their sizes are mostly lesser 5 mm. Reports of large adenomyotic cyst ( >5 mm ) are vere rary. These large sized hemorrhagic cysts arise from small sized cyst and may be caused by progressive expansion of cyst due to progressive menstrual bleeding. And the active secreting of cystic wall may play a part in making the large cyst. Authors observed a case of large adenomyotic cyst within myometrium occuring in o 39-year-old woman, and she was accompanied with both ovarian endometriomas. The cyst was 3 *3 cm sized, and had chocolate-colored thick viscous contents. Histologically, cystic wall was lined with endometrial type epithelium. Epithelium were composed of single layer columnar, partly ciliated cells. Stroma under glandular epithelium were thin throughout the cyst and resembled morphologically endometrial stroma in endometriosis and had red cells and hemosiderin-laden macrophages in places. We experienced one case of large adenomyotic cyst, so we report the case with a brief review of the concerned literatures.
Key Words: Large adenomyotic cyst

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