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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 1998;41(11):2785-2789.
Published online January 1, 2001.
Abruptio Placenta: Perinatal Outcome in Pregnancy-induced Hypertensive and Normotensive Pregnant Women.
Ji Yong Park, Jin Hoon Chung, Yong Kyoon Cho, Hoon Choi, Bok Rin Kim, Hong Kyoon Lee, Tae Hwan Yoo, Soo Jin Ko, Gyo Hoon Park, Jeong Sik Seo
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
The objective of this study was to compare perinatal outcomes of pregnancy-induced hypertensive and normotensive women experiencing abruptio placentae, Our hypothesis is that pregnancy-induced hypertensive women have a less favorable perinatal outcome than do normotensive women. METHODS: Women with the diagnosis of abruptio placentae delivered between August 1, 1989 and December 1, 1996, composed the study group (n=92) in this case-control study. The women with abruptio placentae were divided according to their hypertensive (n=37) or normotensive (n=55) status. Maternal and neonatal medical records were reviewed and abstracted for demographic variables, antepartum complications, delivery route, abruptio placentae grade, neonatal gender, birth weight, Apgar score and perinatal mortality. We compared these perinatal outcome variables between the pregnancy-induced hypertensive and normotensive pregnant women. RESULTS: The incidence of abruptio placentae was 0.35%. The two groups of woman wne similar with regard to age and parity. Abruptio placentae grades 2 occurred more often in hypertensive women (P=0.0053). Pregnancy-inducedhypertensive women were similar to normotensive women with regard to antenatal complications. The mean gestational age of delivery, delivery route, neonatal weight and sex were similar between two groups of women. Neonates from pregnancy-induced hypertensive women were no more likely to have low 1 and 5-minute Apgar score or to die than those from normotensive women. Statistical analysis was performed with two-tailed independent t-test and Kruskal-Wallis analysis. CONCLUSION: Although pregnancy-induced hypertensive women experiencing abruptio placentae are more likely to have grade 2 abruptio placentae with fetal distress, the overall perinatal outcome was not significantly different from that of normotensive women experiencing abruptio placentae.
Key Words: Abruptio placentae, Pregnancy-induced hypertension, Perinatal outcome


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