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Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2002;45(3):458-464.
Published online March 1, 2002.
Obstetric outcome in women with a history of recurrent miscarriage.
Kuol Hur, Kwang Moon Yang, Jung Yeol Han, Kuk Sun Han, Hong Bok Lee, Jin Young Kim, In Ok Song, Ji Hong Song, Keun Jai Yoo, Jong Young Jun, Inn Soo Kang, Mi Kyoung Koong
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Samsung Cheil Hospital & Women's Health Care Center, Sungkyunkwan University, School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To obtain etiology and obstetric outcome of women who had a history of recurrent miscarriage. METHODS: From 1 June 1998 to 30 June 2000, 82 patients who attended infertility & current miscarriage clinic at Samsungcheil hospital and progressed beyond 24 weeks gestation following pregnancy were included in this study. The control population was 154 pregnancies considering age and parity over the same period. Retrospectively, we analyse the etiology of recurrent miscarriage and compare obstetric outcomes of two groups. RESULTS: The etiology of recurrent miscarriage was immunologic factor (36.6%), unexplained (30.4%), anatomic cause (13.4%), endocrinologic abnormality (13.4%) and chromosomal abnormality (5.6%). The rate of preterm delivery (11%) and incidence of pregnancy induced hypertention (8.5%) were significantly higher than those of control group (3.2% and 2.5% respectively). There was no significant difference in the rate of small for gestational age, oligohydroamnios, cesarean section, perinatal loss and the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus. CONCLUSION: The pregnancy with a history of recurrent miscarriage is associated with increased risk of pregnancy induced hypertension and preterm delivery and represent a population at high risk of obstetric problems. Therefore, close surveillance during antenatal period is required.
Key Words: Recurrent miscarriage, Etiology, Obstetric outcome


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