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Obstet Gynecol Sci > Volume 55(3); 2012 > Article
Korean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2012;55(3):148-157.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5468/KJOG.2012.55.3.148    Published online March 1, 2012.
Results of laparoscopic davydov technique in 47 patients with congenital absence of the vagina: laparoscopic peritoneal vaginoplasty.
Ki Hyun Park, Joo Hyun Park, Hyo In Yang, Bo Ram Choi, Jeong Hye Baek, Yeon Hong, SiHyun Cho, Seok Kyo Seo, Young Sik Choi, Byung Seok Lee
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. dr222@yuhs.ac
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, SAM Ahnayang Hospital, Ahnayang, Korea.
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To evaluate the technical feasibility and anatomical and functional outcomes of laparoscopic Davydov technique (transvestibular vaginoplasty with pelvic peritoneum) for the patients with Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of prospectively collected data of 47 women with MRKH syndrome between 2005 and 2011. Clinical examination, pelvic ultrasound, intravenous urography and/or renal ultrasound, laparoscopy, karyotyping, orthopedics and ears, nose, and throat examination, magnetic resonance imaging was performed and 47 patients with MRKH syndrome underwent surgery with the procedure. Their clinical, surgical, and follow-up data were recorded and the functional outcome was assessed by a brief and valid self-report questionnaire evaluating female sexual life (Female Sexual Function Index, FSFI). A control group was recruited to compare the results. RESULTS: The mean operative time was 117.2 +/- 35.3 minutes. Two intra-operative rectal and one bladder injury were repaired without sequels. One patients had vault granulation at the neovagina, which healed after electric cautery and one patient had mild enterocele. The mean length of the neovagina was 8.3 +/- 1.1 cm (range, 6 to 11 cm) without any shrinkage at the follow-up of 18.9 months (range, 6 to 53 months) after operation. The neovaginal introitus admitted two fingers in width in all patients. There was no statistical difference in the total FSFI between the case and control groups. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic Davydov is a safe, effective treatment of MRKH syndrome with minimal invasion and a relatively low complication rate. The procedure has satisfactory anatomical and functional results. This technique offers advantages such as: short operating time and hospital stay, no particular instrumentation required and no external scars. Sexuality approaches so-called 'normal sexuality.'
Key Words: Neovagina, Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome, Congenital absence of the vagina, Davydov technique, Laparoscopy, Female Sexual Function Index


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